Many pharmacy drugs are misused by drug addicts. For example, ibuprofen is a drug that destroys internal organs and is lethal as quickly as possible. The negative consequences of using this drug are so dire that even with a minor history, a person can lose his or her health.
Is Ibuprofen a drug?
Ibuprofen itself is not a drug, but most often it is sold under the trade name Nurofen+. This is a strengthened formula, which contains in addition to the main active ingredient also codeine, or rather its synthetic analogue. This substance enhances the analgesic effect and belongs to the category of opiates. In addition to the main effect, it also leads a person into a state of narcotic euphoria, but only when used in large doses.
One tablet contains only 10 mg of codeine and 200 mg of ibuprofen. This medication does not contain a natural opiate, but its synthetic analogue. The active ingredient is codeine phosphate hemihydrate. This is an analogue of the natural narcotic alkaloid, which is found in the inflorescences of the opium or sleeping poppy. Synthetic codeine has a weak narcotic effect, but in combination with ibuprofen causes enormous harm to the body.
How it works on the body?
Nurofen+ contains two main components. Each of them has a different effect on the body. To understand what happens to a person when he uses these substances, it is necessary to understand the effect of each one separately.
- Ibuprofen has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effect. This substance blocks the mediators of pain and inflammation and lowers body temperature. Additionally, it reduces blood clotting.
- Codeine is one of the weakest opiates that acts on the opioid receptors in the human brain. It is analgesic and blocks the cough. When the dose is increased, it gives a weak narcotic euphoria. Along with the feeling of intoxication comes dry mouth, constipation, and a sedative effect.
That is, ibuprofen does not change a person’s consciousness, drug addicts use Nurofen+ tablets only for the sake of the codeine contained in it. But to achieve the desired effect, they have to drink several packs, gradually increasing the dose. Critical amounts of ibuprofen often lead to extremely negative consequences for the body.
What are the dangers of ibuprofen?
The problem is that this substance in small doses is only useful, but only in the treatment of diseases of inflammatory nature, with high fever and pain. However, drug addicts use doses that exceed the norm by 20-50 times, or even more.
As a result, the risk of side effects increases and symptoms of overdose appear. In the long run, ibuprofen destroys health and leads to complications such as.
- There is a risk of internal bleeding, especially in people with ulcers or gastritis. It is not always possible to save the person in such a case due to pathologically low blood clotting.
- Both codeine and ibuprofen can cause severe allergic reactions, up to and including anaphylactic shock.
- Extremely high doses of the drug may lead to liver and kidney dysfunction.
- The hematopoietic system also suffers from ibuprofen overdose. Various types of anemia or leukopenia may develop.
- Uncontrolled use of the drug Nurofen plus can lead to aseptic meningitis, provoke seizures and severe headaches.
- The cardiovascular system also suffers, especially with regular use of the drug Nurofen Plus.
- Often as a result of overdose develops a severe state of intoxication, accompanied by metabolic acidosis.
In combination with ibuprofen, codeine is a danger to the whole body. With this drug, it is difficult to bring oneself to the point of death through intoxication, but it can in a short time provoke irreversible changes in the human body that will lead to death.
Addiction to the drug ibuprofen
This substance, which is part of the drug Nurofen+, is not addictive. Addiction mechanisms are activated by regular consumption of codeine, which is also contained in these pain pills.
As a rule, addicted people start with small doses — from 1-2 packs. But because of the rapid elimination of the active substances from the body, they have to increase the dose to get a prolonged effect. This is the danger. As a result, the dosage grows rapidly, and the narcotic effect becomes less and less. When you refuse to take the drug, a pronounced withdrawal syndrome develops. This indicates that the addiction mechanism has already started.
Symptoms of withdrawal syndrome:
- weakness, lethargy, body aches;
- diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain;
- irritability, anxiety, panic attacks;
- cramps, muscle spasms;
- excessive sweating; tremors in the extremities;
- attacks of nausea, frequent vomiting;
- refusal to eat; lack of appetite;
- sleep disturbances;
- severe depressive episodes, up to and including suicidal thoughts.
When taking a new dose of the drug, the symptoms gradually disappear, but each time to achieve the effect of euphoria, the addicted person has to drink more pills. The toxic load on the liver and kidneys increases. The first time 50 pills are taken can be fatal. But with systematic ingestion of the drug, tolerance develops. In some addicts the dose can reach 100-120 tablets and more. In such cases the drug kills quickly — from half a year to 2 years.
The danger of all pharmacy drugs is not only that they are addictive and destroy the body. The fact is that when you take the pills by swallowing, the active ingredients are not immediately absorbed and enter the bloodstream. Because of this, it is very easy to overdose on the drug. This can lead to a life-threatening condition.
Symptoms of overdose
The toxic load on the body is great even when taking 10 pills, but if an addict has used the drug for more than the first time, the risks increase. Overdose is manifested by the typical symptoms of intoxication:
- abdominal cramps and pain;
- loss of consciousness;
- decreased pulse rate;
- depressed breathing;
- delirium and incoherent speech;
- cold pale or bluish skin with severe poisoning;
- low blood pressure;
You have to act quickly in order to be able to save a person in this condition.
How to help?
Even with severe intoxication, when a coma develops, there are chances. Prospects network always, as long as the person is alive, but it is necessary to fight. It is important to call a doctor as soon as symptoms of overdose appear, and while waiting for him to arrive, provide first aid.
If the person is conscious:
- keep him awake, make him talk to you;
- If he has only recently taken the pills, give him plenty of water to drink and induce vomiting.
If the person is unconscious, put them in a position so they do not choke on the vomit. If he does not have a pulse and breathing, proceed with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Do this until paramedics arrive or signs of life appear.
Risks and Prospects
If addiction to pharmacy drugs is not treated, no change for the better can be expected. As a rule, after using pills, when even huge doses do not produce the desired effect, addicts move on to more dangerous substances. For example, heroin. This only exacerbates the problem.
In addition, time works against a person who has fallen into addiction. Every new day may be the last and new doses increase the destruction of the body and personality, lead to destructive processes in all areas of life. No one is able to stop on their own, to stop drinking dangerous pills.
Refusing addiction treatment is a huge risk that most often leads to death. We offer help with addiction even to those who don’t want to get rid of it. We have methods of working with such patients. For the inpatient treatment we need the consent of the relatives only as addicts often don’t realize the real state of their health and cherish the illusion that they will be able to quit it themselves. But practice shows that addicts are not able to stop using pills by their own free will. They need help.
Prospects of recovery and prognosis is defined individually, but taking into consideration the experience of our clinic we assure you that addiction is curable. If you thoroughly tackle the problem and undergo a full course of treatment followed by rehabilitation, you can start a new, sober life without craving for drugs!